Natalia Donna, Mental Health Therapist

Natalia Donna, Mental Health Therapist over 1 year ago

The American Kennel Club recognizes nearly 200 different breeds and varieties of dogs. These registered dog breeds can be categorized into various groups depending on their type, characteristics, and roles (both historical and current). Before you adopt or bring home a pet dog, knowing this information can help the prospective dog pet parents choose the perfect dog for them: a dog that fits their lifestyle, routine, and requirements. If you want to register your pet into an ESA then you should have an ESA letter.



Dogs take up various roles specific to individuals and for groups of people. The most common roles are:

  • Indoor family dog 

  • Outdoor fitness companion

  • Emotional Support Animal (ESA dog

  • Service dog

  • Work animal

People are equipped to adopt the right dog breed if they have knowledge about what different dog types are suited for, what kind of activity they partake in, and what roles do they take on. Here are the main dog types:

The toy breed

The toy breeds have been bred from the larger dogs to make the dog suitable to be human companions. With their portable size, it is easy to have these breeds to live inside the house or an apartment. Moreover, these dogs are easy to travel with and don’t require lots of space. They are loving, affectionate, and intelligent animals, that have the protective instincts of their larger cousins and can have a strong character.

The sporting dogs

The four types of sporting dogs are Retrievers, Setters, Pointers, and Spaniels. These dogs were bred to become hunting companions to various individuals who require the dog’s assistance in marking, retrieving, and hunting the various game. The retrievers are good swimmers and are companions for hunting waterfowl birds. The other sporting dogs are adept at hunting the other grassland game.

The hound dogs

This group has dogs that were also meant for hunting but these animals are bred specifically to pursue, catch, and hold warm-blooded prey. Though this group has a diverse group of dogs the main grouping is between the hounds that use their sense of smell and those that use their keep eyesight to hunt. 

These dogs are athletic animals that form a strong bond with humans and suitable for those who can spend time and energy to give them plenty of exercises.

Working group

The working group dogs are known to have higher intelligence and energy that helps them get used to various jobs and tasks. They can be used to guard and watch over, livestock, property, family, etc. These animals are also used as service animals helping their companions perform various tasks that they can’t do on their own. The working group is popular in law enforcement as well as search and rescue fields.

Herding Dogs

These dogs were bred to herd and protect livestock— a task that they still perform in the countryside. This dog breed has high intelligence and is highly trainable, this helps them become very responsive to the commands of their owners. They are skilled at maneuvering livestock, without causing them any harm. As family dogs, this skill doesn’t go to waste, as this makes them perfect family dogs for households with kids, around whom these dogs are very delicate and patient around children. The emotional support dog letter should always be written by a medical expert only.

Terrier group

This group was bred to be the countryside companions that help its owner get rid of small animals such as rats and baggers. These are hunting dogs that were used to guard and protect the property or home from rodents. The shorter dogs are known to burrow after their prey while the larger dogs are known to dig out their prey. Both these animals are highly energetic and stubborn in catching their prey and can adapt to various environments.

Related Resources :

Energetic Dog Breeds That Will Entertain You All-day

Things That You Need For Your Puppy Dog

All In One Emotional Support Animal Guide

Passionate Support Animals Quick Guide